Indians still feel British administration was the best and the civil servants during British period did exemplary service. Before independence, Imperial service (British India civil Service) was in force. British parliament enacted India government Act in 1858. From 1886 on wards it was redesignated as Indian Civil Service (ICS). In the service in higher echelon 1000 senior officers were Britishers and the others were Indians. By 1942 the number came down to 600 Indians and 590 Britishers.
After Independence most of the britishers got their transfers to their native land. After partition, separate services for India and Pakistan were created.
Indian Civil Services (IAS) and Pakistan Civil Services (PAS)
We inherited this Civil service system, Railways, Judicial system and defence administration from Britishers. Candidates between 21 and 24 years were eligible to compete for ICS. Selection for foreign services, Home services was done. Two years probation at Oxford and Cambridge Universities was compulsory. They were trained in oriental Institutions In Revenue administration. Jawaharlal Nehru with a broader vision appointed ICS officers like ChintamaniDeshmukh and KPS Menon to important Ministries as Secretaries and they exceedingly did well during the formative years.
Burra Venkatappaiah ICS 1932, SontiRamammurthy (ICS 1911), VKRao were prominent ICS officers O PullaReddi (ICS 1925), was Defence Secretary and the first Chief Secretary to Andhra at Karnool. Later he was appointed vice chancellor, Agricultural University. Some of the ICS officers later became Governors – Dharma Veera, BD Pandey, Govind Narayan etc.
After independence IAS officers joined service and joined service and made the country to march forward. The training to them is imparted at Lal bahudrSastri National Academy, Mussori.
Central deputation to IAS officers is a must and most of the officers made an indelible mark as Secretaries over the last 65 years. The aspiration is of any civil servant is to raise upto the rank of cabinet Secretary.